Overview, Background, Scope and Charge
The University of Michigan, as an institution committed to learning, inquiry, and creativity, seeks to provide a rich and variegated campus environment in which members of our community can engage in these activities and be at home in spaces that are uniquely “Michigan.” Public art can play a significant part in creating such an environment, an environment conducive to the development of mind, soul, and spirit by our faculty, students and staff. In this respect, the North Campus Sculpture and Public Art Program statement captures very well our guiding philosophy:
The University of Michigan’s outdoor sculpture should be an integral part of the educational and research mission of the university. In addition, it should provide constant visual enjoyment and excitement for members of the university community, the city, and the region.
We wish to develop an approach to public art that will, over time, transform U-M into a university distinguished for its public art environment and that will link art more closely to expression of our academic aspirations. Toward that end, we are establishing a President’s Advisory Committee on Public Art, to help guide our decisions and planning and to facilitate development of a richer and more diverse collection of public art.
Although the University of Michigan possesses many fine works of public art, the public art environment on campus is neither as vibrant nor as engaging as befits a university of our stature and character. Public art at U-M has not been consistently developed in relation to our academic mission. Public art projects have generally been carried out opportunistically, typically in response to donor initiatives afforded to individual schools, colleges, and units. While this approach has resulted in a number of fine individual projects, it has not led thus far to a first-rate collection overall, in comparison with many peer universities. We have not developed a broad vision for public art in which works are sought for sites on campus that themselves form part of a broader plan. Neither has pursuit of art, as an expression of mission, been typically or consistently encouraged—although there have been notable exceptions.
Historically, public art efforts have fallen under the purview of the Exterior Elements Design Review Committee (EEDRC), which serves the University Planner in an advisory capacity on numerous outdoor design details but which has had relatively little focused specialization in the visual arts. More recently, the University Planner established the Public Art Review Group (PARG) to supplement the EEDRC’s efforts, and this group has functioned to review individual proposals from units. While PARG has facilitated the placement of some fine works of public art on campus, and provided an important review mechanism, it has not been proactive in planning or in pursuing works of art, and indeed, has lacked the mandate to do so.
As a result of these tendencies, artists of the first order are not adequately represented in the U-M’s public art collection. The President’s Advisory Committee on Public Art will replace the Public Art Review Group and, like the latter, will complement the work of the EEDRC, while also adopting a more strategic and long-term approach to public art on campus. The committee will be a standing committee.
The advisory committee will be appointed by the president and will be composed of 10 to 15 members of the University community—faculty, administrators, staff, and/or students—whose expertise and perspectives will contribute to planning and consideration of public art with respect to its academic, aesthetic, fundraising and practical dimensions. The Director of the Museum of Art and the University Planner will be ex officio voting members of the committee. The chair of the committee will be appointed by the president and will be an individual—typically a member of the faculty—knowledgeable and accomplished in the assessment of the aesthetic and academic dimensions of art.
For purposes of the work of this committee, “public art” is defined as installations of art—permanent or temporary—in public spaces of the University, including the exteriors of buildings, outdoor public areas, or interior public lobbies. Although we cannot always clearly separate public art from architectural elements or other exterior elements, the following guidelines will help us define the scope of the committee’s activities. We will expect that in situations of potential overlap, relevant committees and units will work cooperatively to resolve questions and develop recommendations.
Public art includes:
- Art works located outside of buildings on the campus grounds or in public lobbies.
- Free-standing original pieces of sculpture, made of any material, including those commissioned as part of new building construction.
- Art works such as decorative tiles or mosaics which are embedded in sidewalks, seatwalls, etc. (e.g., the “Trio” mosaic on the plaza wall west of EECS).
- Outdoor utilitarian elements—such as memorial and sculptural benches, nonstandard light fixtures, or drinking fountains—that are unique works of art (e.g., the “Science Benches” on Ingalls Mall).
- Works of art attached to or incorporated into the exterior facades of buildings (e.g., the bas reliefs on various buildings).
- Free-standing artifacts that have been in the landscape for a long period of time (e.g., the “Professors’ Monument” southeast of the Hatcher Graduate Library).
Public art does not include:
- Functional exterior building features. It should be noted, however, that in some situations functional exterior elements might also constitute essentially distinct, if not free-standing, works of public art or may also serve as decorative elements, and in these cases, the committee should be consulted.
- Art works displayed inside buildings, which thereby fall under the purview of the unit responsible for the building. Similarly, art works installed in courtyards that are enclosed within the footprint of a building also fall under the purview of the responsible unit or units. An exception to this policy is public lobby spaces, noted above; in such cases the Advisory Committee should be consulted. Units are welcome and encouraged to seek advice from the Advisory Committee for significant installations of art in their interior public spaces.
- Landscaped features (e.g., gardens, plantings, terrain)—except where undertaken as a form of land art or public art (e.g., the “Wave Field” sculpture on North Campus).